Coir or Cocos - Nature's wonder fiber is extracted from the protective husk of the Coconut. This golden fibre is spun into a wide range of textured yarn and woven into a spectrum of colourful floor coverings. The husks separated from the nuts, are retted in lagoons upto ten months. The retted husks are then beaten with wooden mallets manually to produce the golden fiber. The fiber is later spun into yarn on traditional spinning wheels called "Ratts", ready for dyeing and weaving into myriad shades of floor coverings. A score of varieties/grades of coir yarn are produced and each variety is associated with certain specific characteristics, used for industrial, agricultural and domestic applications. The exhaustive range of floor coverings, hardwearing door mats, durable Mattings and rugs, crush-proof pile carpets, heavy flowered Mourzouks, etc. in a variety of dimensions enhance the elegance of the place of choice. These products are either handwoven by expert craftsmen or are aesthetically manufactured on modern mechanised looms. Other products of coir are, Geo-Textiles which is inexpensive, quick and effective in Civil Engineering practices. Rubberised coir, a blend of coir and latex, offers mattresses and cushioning for restful comfort and Pith which is now being widely used in agriculture as a natural hydroponic growing medium. Programmes for coir industry aimes at increased utilisation of coconut husk for production of coir fibre, growth of the domestic market, strengthening of research and development to find out new uses of coir fibre especially in the areas of geo-fabric, acquiring of new technology like Vinyl backed coir products. Mechanisation in all areas of production like the defibering , spinning & weaving are implemented in a phased manner without affecting employment to make Indian coir products competitive in the export market. Modernisation of coir units has been propelled by providing incentives for installation of modern equipments to make the coir industry more productive & labour friendly Coir products are exceptionally functional and virtually irreplaceable when it comes to economy, durability and beauty. Some of the common attributes are :
- Provides excellent insulation against temperature and sound.
- Tough and durable.
- Resilient; springs back to shape even after constant use.
- Easy to clean.